• Definition

    Apoplexy is bleeding into a cavity or organ. There are various forms of apoplexy, including:
    • Adrenal apoplexy—bleeding into adrenal glands
    • pituitary apoplexy—bleeding into the pituitary gland
    Pituitary Gland
    Pituitary Gland Male
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
  • Causes

    Apoplexy may be caused by:
    • Tumor growth
    • Hormonal imbalance
    • Blood clot
    • Acute illness
    • Drastic changes in blood volume or blood pressure
    • Blood clotting disorders
  • Risk Factors

    Factors that increase your chance of developing apoplexy include:
    • Hormonal insufficiency
    • Previous surgery
    • Bleeding disorders
    • Injury
  • Symptoms

    Symptoms may include:
    • Headache
    • Nausea
    • Loss of vision
    • Double vision
    • Confusion
    • Pain
    • Fatigue
  • Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
    Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
    • Blood tests
    • Urine tests
    Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
  • Treatment

    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Initial treatment will be done to stabilize you. After you have been stabilized, treatment options will be chosen based on the cause and location of your apoplexy. Options include:
    • Medications—to correct hormonal imbalances
    • Surgery—tumor removal if the tumor is the cause
  • Prevention

    There is no known way to prevent apoplexy.

    Hormone Health Network http://www.hormone.org

    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov


    Canadian Institute for Health Information http://www.cihi.ca

    Canadian Institutes of Health Research http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca


    Pituitary apoplexy . UCLA Health System website. Available at: http://neurosurgery.ucla.edu/body.cfm?id=206. Accessed October 8, 2013.

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