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A Randomized Phase II Study of Azacitidine in Combination With Lenalidomide (NSC-703813) vs. Azacitidine Alone vs. Azacititdine in Combination With Vorinostat (NSC-701852) for Higher-Risk Myelodysplas

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Trial Conditions
  • Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
  • de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts
  • Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes
What is the purpose of this trial?

This randomized phase II trial studies how well giving azacitidine works with or without lenalidomide or vorinostat in treating patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as azacitidine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or stopping them from dividing. Lenalidomide may stop the growth of cancer cells by stopping blood flow to the cancer. Vorinostat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether azacitidine is more effective with or without lenalidomide or vorinostat in treating myelodysplastic syndromes or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.

Date & Status

Suspended

Who can Participate?

Eligibility

Ages:
18 and older

Gender:
Both

Eligibility

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have morphologically confirmed diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes
(MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) based on one of the following:

- French-American-British (FAB) classifications:

- Refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB - defined as having 5-20%
myeloblasts in the bone marrow)

- CMML with 10-19% myeloblasts in the bone marrow and/or 5-19% blasts in the
blood

- World Health Organization (WHO) Classifications:

- RAEB-1 (defined as having 5-9% myeloblasts in the bone marrow)

- RAEB-2 (defined as having 10-19% myeloblasts in the bone marrow and/or
5-19% blasts in the blood)

- CMML-1 (defined as having < 5% myeloblasts in the bone marrow and/or < 10%
blasts in the blood)

- CMML-2 (defined as having 10-19% myeloblasts in the bone marrow and/or
5-19% blasts in the blood)

- International prognostic score (IPSS) of Intermediate 2 (1.5-2.0 points) or High
(>= 2.5 points); a score of Intermediate 1 (0.5-1.0 points) is only allowable in
the setting of >= 5% myeloblasts

- Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are not eligible

- Procedures to obtain specimens for establishing baseline disease must be done
within 30 days prior to registration

- Patients must not have received lenalidomide, azacitidine, vorinostat, or decitabine
as treatment previously; any hematopoietic growth factors must be stopped for at
least 14 days prior to registration

- Patients may have received low-dose cytarabine for MDS treatment previously, but
they must have discontinued its use for at least 28 days prior to registration

- Patients must not have received radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or cytotoxic therapy
to treat conditions other than MDS within 12 months prior to registration

- Patients must not have undergone prior allogeneic stem cell or bone marrow
transplantation at any time; patients that have undergone an autologous stem cell
transplant are eligible

- Patients must not have used or be using histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor agents
for anticancer treatment

- Patients may not have received agents such as valproic acid for epilepsy within 30
days prior to registration

- Patients must have Zubrod performance status of 0-2

- Patients must not have any pre-existing neurotoxicity/neuropathy of >= grade 2
according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC)
Version 4.0, or prior >= grade 3 allergic reaction/hypersensitivity or rash to
thalidomide that has not resolved to < grade 2

- Patients must not have any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or
psychiatric illness that, in the view of the treating physician, would place the
participant at an unacceptable risk if he or she were to participate in the study or
would prevent that person from giving informed consent

- Patients must not have history of thromboembolic event or other condition requiring
current use of anticoagulation with Coumadin (warfarin) or low molecular-weight
heparin

- Patients must not have known or suspected hypersensitivity to mannitol

- Patients must receive a 12-lead electrocardiogram (EKG), chest x-ray, serum
creatinine, complete metabolic panel including serum glutamic oxaloacetic
transaminase (SGOT) or serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), electrolytes, and
bilirubin testing within 28 days prior to registration in order to establish baseline
measurements; questions regarding patient safety in regards to results of these tests
should be directed to the Study Coordinator

- Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine
pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to
registration; FCBP must agree to have a second pregnancy test within 24 hours prior
to starting course 1 if randomized to receive lenalidomide

- A FCBP is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or
bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least
24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24
consecutive months)

- Patients must commit to the following if they are randomized to receive lenalidomide;
FCBP must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or
begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control: one highly effective method and one
additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before starting
lenalidomide; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; men must agree to
use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP, even if they have had a
successful vasectomy

- All patients must be counseled by a trained counselor every 28 days about
pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure

- Patients not randomized to receive lenalidomide will not be required to undergo
serial pregnancy testing or lenalidomide counseling after registration

- No prior malignancy is allowed except for adequately treated basal cell (or squamous
cell) skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer for which the patient has
been disease-free for three years

- Cytogenetics requirements:

- Southwestern Oncology Group (SWOG) (and other sites not affiliated with Cancer
and Leukemia Group B [CALGB] or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG]):
Pretreatment cytogenetics must be performed on all patients; collection of
pretreatment specimens must be completed within 14 days prior to registration to
SWOG-S1117

- CALGB: CALGB patients must enroll on CALGB 8461, the cytogenetics protocol

- ECOG: Pretreatment cytogenetics must be performed on all patients; collection of
pretreatment specimens must be completed within 30 days prior to registration to
S1117

- Banking requirements:

- SWOG and ECOG (and other sites not affiliated with CALGB): Patients must be
offered participation in specimen banking

- CALGB: CALGB patients must be offered participation in CALGB 9665, the CALGB
Leukemia Tissue bank protocol

- National Cancer Institute of Canada (NCIC) Clinical Trials Group (CTG): NCIC CTG
patients must be offered participation in specimen submission and banking

- All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must
sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal
guidelines

- As a part of the OPEN registration process the treating institution's identity is
provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional
review board approval for this study has been entered in the system

Gender: Both
Steward Physician(s)
  • Mikkael Sekeres
Facilities
  • St. Elizabeth's Medical Center - Suspended
Trial Interventions
Drug
  • azacitidine
  • lenalidomide
  • vorinostat
Physician Researcher

Investigator Name:

  • Mikkael Sekeres

Other Information

Sponsor: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Phase: Phase 2
Trial ID: NCT01522976
Volunteers:  Not Accepting Healthy Volunteers

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