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RATIONALE: Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Antiandrogen drugs, such
as abiraterone acetate, may lessen the amount of androgens made by the body. It may also
stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well abiraterone acetate
works in treating patients with prostate cancer who have undergone initial hormone therapy.
Active, not recruiting
Ages:18 and older
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically or cytologically proven diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate - Metastatic (M1) disease as evidenced by soft tissue and/or bony metastases at the time of initiation of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) - Must have at least one of the following: - Visceral disease (liver, lung, other viscera) - Bone metastases to sites in either the axial (spine, pelvis, ribs, or skull) and/or the appendicular (clavicle, humerus, or femur) skeleton - Distant lymph node disease (e.g., above the aortic bifurcation, etc.) - No small cell or neuroendocrine prostate cancer - Patients must be receiving ADT (e.g., gonadotropin-releasing hormone [GNRH] antagonist, with or without antiandrogen) prior to entering this study - Degarelix, a FDA-approved GNRH antagonist, is an acceptable form of ADT - Bilateral surgical orchiectomy is also acceptable - Suboptimal response to ADT induction as defined by the following criteria: - Declining PSA (current PSA is less than the PSA prior to starting ADT) that fails to reach 4 ng/mL or below despite continuous ADT - PSA of > 4 ng/mL must be observed between 6-12 months after the initiation of ADT - Documentation of failure to achieve this PSA of ≤ 4 ng/mL must be within 28 days of registration - The PSA must be obtained after any applicable antiandrogen washout period - If the PSA is declining or stable (defined as a PSA rise ≤ 0.1 ng/mL from nadir) and the patient is on an antiandrogen, they must remain on the antiandrogen - Patients with stable or declining PSA who have had previous antiandrogen exposure, but are not taking an antiandrogen at the time of registration, must wait at least 6 weeks from the last antiandrogen dose before registration and still demonstrate a stable or falling PSA which is > 4 ng/mL by month 12, in order to be eligible - If the PSA is rising and they are on an antiandrogen, formal antiandrogen washout must be performed (4 weeks for flutamide and 6 weeks for bicalutamide and nilutamide with no evidence of a falling PSA after washout) - No patients with radiographic progression when compared to available imaging studies performed prior to starting the GNRH agonist/antagonist therapy - Patients who have measurable disease must have radiographic assessment (at least an abdominal/pelvic CT scan) within 28 days prior to registration - Non-measurable disease must be assessed (i.e., bone scan) within 42 days prior to registration - No patients with a history of brain metastases or who currently have treated or untreated brain metastases - Patients with clinical evidence of brain metastases must have a brain CT scan or MRI negative for metastatic disease within 56 days prior to registration PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - Zubrod performance status 0-2 - ANC ≥ 1,500/μL - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL - Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL - Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) OR creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN (unless documented Gilbert disease) - AST and ALT < 1.5 times ULN - Potassium ≥ 3.5 mmol/L - Patient must have a testosterone value of < 50 ng/dL obtained within 28 days prior to registration - Patients must have controlled blood pressure defined as systolic blood pressure < 160 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure < 95 mm Hg - Patients with a history of hypertension are eligible provided blood pressure is controlled by anti-hypertensive treatment - Patients who have partners of child-bearing potential must be willing to use a method of birth control with adequate barrier protection during the study and for 1 week after the last study drug administration - Must be able to take oral medication without crushing, dissolving, or chewing tablets - Patients must not have a history of gastrointestinal disorders (medical disorders or extensive surgery) that may interfere with the absorption of abiraterone acetate - No other prior malignancy is allowed except for any of the following: - Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer - Adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission - Any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years - No patients with active or symptomatic viral hepatitis or chronic liver disease - No moderate (Child-Pugh B) or severe (Child-Pugh C) hepatic impairment - No history of NYHA class III or IV heart failure - Patients must have LVEF ≥ 50% - No known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to abiraterone acetate, prednisone, or their excipients PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - See Disease Characteristics - Patients with a history of prior neoadjuvant or adjuvant GNRH agonist/antagonist therapy (related to previous surgery or radiation) are eligible provided they finished this therapy at least two years prior to registration - Prior enrollment to SWOG-S0925 (either arm) is not exclusionary - At least 6 weeks since prior and no concurrent finasteride or dutasteride - At least 28 days since prior radiotherapy or surgery and recovered - At least 4 weeks since prior investigational products - At least 4 weeks since prior flutamide (6 weeks for bicalutamide and nilutamide) with no evidence of a falling PSA - No other concurrent oral antiandrogen - No prior or concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy or radiopharmaceuticals for prostate cancer - No prior or concurrent ketoconazole for the treatment of prostate cancer - Not requiring more than 10 mg a day of prednisone for another medical indication - Not planning to receive any concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, surgery, or radiotherapy during protocol treatment - No concurrent hormonal-acting agents, including diethylstilbestrol/DES, aldosterone, PC-SPES, or spironolactone - No concurrent antifungal medication (e.g., fluconazole or itraconazole) - No medications that alter cardiac conduction - No prior Provenge (sipuleucel-T)
Sponsor: Southwest Oncology Group
Phase: Phase 2
Trial ID: NCT01309672
Not Accepting Healthy Volunteers