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Randomized Phase III Trial Comparing Everolimus Versus Everolimus Plus Bevacizumab for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Progressing After Treatment With Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

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Trial Conditions
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Recurrent Renal Cell Cancer
  • Recurrent Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Stage III Renal Cell Cancer
  • Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer
What is the purpose of this trial?

This randomized phase III trial studies giving everolimus together with bevacizumab to see how well it works compared to everolimus alone in treating patients with advanced kidney cancer that progressed after first-line therapy. Everolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can interfere with tumor growth by blocking the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Everolimus and bevacizumab may also stop the growth of kidney cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known whether giving everolimus together with bevacizumab is better than everolimus alone in treating patients with advanced kidney cancer that has progressed after first-line therapy.

Date & Status

Active, not recruiting

Who can Participate?


18 and older



Inclusion Criteria:

- Renal cell carcinoma with some component of clear cell histology

- Metastatic or unresectable disease

- Must have been treated with at least 1 prior VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor
treatment and have progressed or have been intolerant to treatment

- No prior systemic therapy with a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) binding
agent (e.g., bevacizumab)

- No prior systemic therapy with any mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor
(e.g., sirolimus, temsirolimus, everolimus)

- Prior cytokine therapy is allowed

- Any systemic therapy must be completed at least 4 weeks prior to registration

- >= 2 weeks since any prior radiation (including palliative)

- Patients must not have had a major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant
traumatic injury within 4 weeks prior to study registration, and must have fully
recovered from any such procedure

- The following are not considered to be major procedures: thoracentesis,
paracentesis, port placement, laparoscopy, thoracoscopy, bronchoscopy,
endoscopic ultrasonographic procedures, mediastinoscopy, skin biopsies,
incisional biopsies and routine dental procedures

- Patients must have measurable disease by RECIST criteria; lesions that can be
accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >=
2 cm with conventional techniques or as >= 1 cm with spiral computed tomography (CT)

- No active brain metastases: patients with treated, stable brain metastases for at
least three months are eligible as long as they meet the following criteria:

- Treated brain metastases are defined as having no ongoing requirement for
steroids and no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment for at
least 3 months, as ascertained by clinical examination and brain imaging
(magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or CT) (stable dose of anticonvulsants are
allowed); treatment for brain metastases may include whole brain radiotherapy
(WBRT), radiosurgery (RS; Gamma Knife, linear accelerator [LINAC], or
equivalent) or a combination as deemed appropriate by the treating physician;
patients with central nervous system (CNS) metastases treated by neurosurgical
resection or brain biopsy performed within 3 months prior to day 1 are not

- Baseline brain imaging (MRI/CT) is required

- No serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture

- No arterial thrombotic events within 6 months of registration:

- Including transient ischemic attack (TIA), cerebrovascular accident (CVA),
peripheral arterial thrombus, unstable angina or angina requiring surgical or
medical intervention in the past 6 months, or myocardial infarction (MI);
patients with clinically significant peripheral artery disease (i.e.,
claudication on less than one block), significant vascular disease (i.e., aortic
aneurysm, history of aortic dissection), or any other arterial thrombotic event
are ineligible

- Patients who have experienced a deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolus within
the past 6 months must be on stable therapeutic anticoagulation to be enrolled to
this study

- Patients receiving anti-platelet agents and prophylactic anticoagulation are eligible

- No inadequately controlled hypertension: (defined as a blood pressure of >= 160 mmHg
systolic and/or >= 90 mmHg diastolic on medication), or any prior history of
hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy

- No known severe impairment of lung function, defined as >= grade 2 dyspnea or cough,
or either:

- Requirement of supplemental oxygen, or

- In cases where pulmonary function or pulse oximetry tests have been obtained,
forced expiratory volume of the lung in one second (FEV1) or forced vital
capacity (FVC) are < 50% of predicted, or single breath diffusing capacity of
the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is < 35% of predicted or resting room oxygen
saturation is less than 90%

- No active or severe liver disease (e.g. acute or chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis)

- No positive serology for anti-hemoglobin C (HBC) or anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV)
antibodies; hepatitis B virus (HBV) seropositive patients (hepatitis B surface
antigen [HBsAg] positive) are eligible if they are closely monitored for evidence of
active HBV infection by HBV deoxryribonucleic acid (DNA) testing and agree to receive
suppressive therapy with lamivudine or other HBV-suppressive therapy until at least 4
weeks after the last dose of everolimus

- No New York Heart Association (NYHA) class >= 2 congestive heart failure

- No active bleeding or chronic hemorrhagic diathesis or increased risk for bleeding:
Including but not limited to history of major bleeding within 6 months (e.g.
gastrointestinal, lung, CNS sites; or required transfusion support)

- No history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal
abscess within 6 months prior to the initiation of treatment

- No ongoing immunosuppressive therapy: including chronic systemic treatment with
corticosteroids (>= 10 mg/day prednisone equivalent)

- Archival tissue must be available for submission: though it is optional patients to
choose to participate in the correlative substudies or not

- Patients who are pregnant or nursing are not eligible

- Women of child bearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy
test within 16 days prior to registration

- Women of child-bearing potential include:

- Any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical
sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation or bilateral
oophorectomy) or is not postmenopausal (defined as amenorrhea >= 12
consecutive months)

- Women on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with documented serum follicle
stimulating hormone (FSH) level > 35m IU/mL

- Women who are using oral, implanted or injectable contraceptive hormones or
mechanical products such as an intrauterine device or barrier methods
(diaphragm, condoms, spermicides) to prevent pregnancy or practicing
abstinence or where partner is sterile (e.g., vasectomy)

- Performance status Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-2 or Karnofsky score
>= 60%

- Granulocytes >= 1,500/μL

- Platelet count >= 100,000/μL

- Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/minute (modified Cockroft and Gault formula)

- Bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limits of normal

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x upper limits of normal (ULN)

- Fasting serum triglycerides =< 200 mg/dL

- Serum cholesterol =< 300 mg/dL

- Fasting serum glucose =< 1.5 x ULN

- Urine protein to creatinine ratio < 1.0 or urine protein =< 1+

Gender: Both
Steward Physician(s)
  • George Philips
  • St. Elizabeth's Medical Center - Active, not recruiting
Trial Interventions
  • Bevacizumab
  • Everolimus
  • Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
  • Pharmacological Study
For more information about this trial, contact

Olga Kozyreva

Phone: 617-789-3000

Physician Researcher

Investigator Name:

  • George Philips

Other Information

Sponsor: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Phase: Phase 3
Trial ID: NCT01198158
Volunteers:  Not Accepting Healthy Volunteers

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