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Phase IIB Randomized Controlled Biomarker Modulation Study of Vitamin D in Premenopausal Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer

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Trial Conditions
  • brca1 Mutation Carrier
  • brca2 Mutation Carrier
  • Breast Cancer
What is the purpose of this trial?

RATIONALE: Cholecalciferol may prevent breast cancer in premenopausal women. PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well cholecalciferol works in preventing breast cancer in premenopausal women.

Date & Status

Active, not recruiting

Who can Participate?


18  - 50 




- At an elevated risk of breast cancer by at least one of the following criteria:

- Diagnosis of ADH, ALH, lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) or resected ductal
carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or small invasive breast cancers (pTmi or pT1a N0) if
no pior RT, tamoxifen, or systemic breast cancer treatment within 28 days prior
to registration OR diagnosis of resected Stage I (T1b-c N0-N1mi) through Stage
II breast cancer for which the participant has been disease-free for at least 5
years and has completed all adjuvant treatment OR

- A known* deleterious mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, PTEN, or TP53 NOTE: *The
participant must be a documented carrier to meet this criterion. If there is a
known mutation in a hereditary breast cancer susceptibility gene in a
participant's family member, the participant herself must have undergone genetic
testing as per NCCN clinical guidelines to be eligible per this criterion.

- Modified Gail Model/CARE model** risk at 5 years ≥ 1.67% or lifetime risk ≥ 20%
by Claus, BRCAPro, Tyrer-Cuzick or IBIS models OR

- Mammographic density ≥ 50% (heterogenously dense) NOTE: **Risk models are to be
used only if there is no known previous diagnosis of resected DCIS or LCIS and
there is no known deleterious mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, PTEN, or TP53.

- At least one breast available for imaging and biopsy (a previously irradiated breast
[i.e., for resected DCIS] is not evaluable for breast imaging or biopsy)

- Baseline mammogram (performed within 10 days after starting their last menstrual
period on a digital mammography machine) that shows either normal or benign findings

- Baseline mammographic density > 10% based upon the classification system (2 =
11-50%, "scattered fibroglandular densities"; 3 = 51-75%, "heterogeneously
dense"; 4 = >75, "extremely dense". Women with a baseline mammographic density
of ≤ 10% (1 = ≤ 10% breasts are almost entirely fat)will not be eligible.


- Premenopausal, defined as ≥ 1 of the following criteria:

- Less than 6 months since the last menstrual period, no prior bilateral
oophorectomy, and no use of hormone-replacement therapy

- Has undergone a prior hysterectomy but no prior bilateral oophorectomy AND
follicle-stimulating hormone values measured within the past 28 days are
consistent with the normal values for the premenopausal state

- Zubrod performance status 0-1

- Serum creatinine ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Serum calcium or corrected calcium ≤ ULN

- Spot urine calcium:creatinine ratio < 0.37 mg/dL

- INR ≤ 1.5 times ULN+

- PT and PTT ≤ ULN*

- Baseline serum 25(OH)D level ≤ 32 ng/mL (or 80 nmol/L)

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- No other prior malignancy except for the following:

- Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer

- In situ cervical cancer

- Adequately treated stage I or II (including resected Stage I, T1b-c N0-N1mi
through Stage II breast cancer) from which the participant is currently in
complete remission

- Any other cancer (including contralateral breast) for which the participant has
been disease-free for ≥ 5 years

- No history of kidney stones

- No medical conditions requiring calcium or vitamin D supplementation (i.e.,

- No known hypersensitivity to vitamin D

- No known allergy to soy NOTE: +For patients undergoing breast biopsy.


- Prior breast reduction surgery allowed

- No bilateral breast implants

- More than 1 month since prior surgery or radiotherapy to the breast for resected DCIS

- At least 28 days since prior tamoxifen

- Prior anticoagulant therapy allowed provided it is discontinued ≥ 7 days before
breast biopsy

- No concurrent calcium or additional vitamin D supplements

- Concurrent multivitamins allowed provided that the dose of vitamin D in the
multivitamin does not exceed 400 IU daily

- No concurrent participation in any other clinical trial for the treatment or
prevention of cancer unless the participant is no longer receiving the intervention
and is in the follow-up phase only (participants must not join such a trial while
participating in this study)

Gender: Female
Steward Physician(s)
  • Katherine D. Crew, MD, MS
  • St. Elizabeth's Medical Center - Active, not recruiting
Trial Interventions
Dietary Supplement
  • cholecalciferol
  • placebo
Physician Researcher

Investigator Name:

  • Katherine D. Crew, MD, MS

Other Information

Sponsor: Southwest Oncology Group
Phase: Phase 2
Trial ID: NCT01097278
Volunteers:  Not Accepting Healthy Volunteers

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