500 Boylston Street, Boston, MA 02116 617-419-4700
Return to Results
RATIONALE: Specialized radiation therapy that delivers a high-dose of radiation directly to
the tumor may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue. Androgens can
cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Antihormone therapy, such as leuprolide,
goserelin, flutamide, or bicalutamide, may lessen the amount of androgens made by the body.
Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of
tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving radiation
therapy together with androgen suppression and docetaxel after surgery may kill any tumor
cells that remain after surgery.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving radiation therapy together with
androgen suppression and docetaxel works in treating patients with high risk prostate cancer
who have undergone radical prostatectomy.
Active, not recruiting
Ages:18 and older
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Pathologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate cancer meeting 1 of the following criteria: - Gleason ≥ 7and post-operative PSA nadir > 0.2 ng/ml with any pathologic tumor (pT) classification - Gleason ≥ 8, post-operative PSA nadir ≤ 0.2 ng/ml and ≥ pT3a classification - Must have undergone radical prostatectomy within the past year - PSA ≤ 0.2 ng/mL at the time of study registration - PSA must be obtained within 6 weeks (42 days) prior to study registration - No lymph node or distant metastases (N0, M0), based upon the following minimum diagnostic workup: - History and physical examination within 8 weeks prior to study registration - Bone scan and CT or MRI of the pelvis and no evidence of osseous metastases on bone scan within 16 weeks prior to study registration - No pelvic lymph nodes > 1.5 cm in greatest dimension on CT scan or MRI of the pelvis within 16 weeks prior to study registration, unless the enlarged lymph node is biopsied and negative PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - Zubrod performance status 0-1 - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 2,000/mm³ - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³ - Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (transfusion or other intervention to achieve hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL is acceptable) - Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN - Total bilirubin ≤ 1.2 times ULN - No other invasive malignancy within the past 3 years except non-melanomatous skin cancer - No active, severe co-morbidity, including any of the following: - Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the past 6 months - Transmural myocardial infarction within the past 6 months - Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy - AIDS - HIV testing is not required for study entry - No prior allergic reaction to the study drug(s) PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - No prior systemic chemotherapy for prostate cancer - More than 3 years since prior chemotherapy for a different cancer - No prior androgen deprivation for treatment of prostate cancer - Prior use of hormonal agents, such as finasteride or dutasteride, for treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy is allowed - No prior radiotherapy to the region of the prostate that would result in overlap of radiotherapy fields
Sponsor: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
Phase: Phase 2
Trial ID: NCT00528866
Not Accepting Healthy Volunteers