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KALAHARI-1: Kallikrein Antagonist (DX-88 [Ecallantide]) Effect on Blood Loss Associated With Heart Surgery Requiring Institution of Bypass

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Trial Conditions
  • Blood Loss, Surgical
What is the purpose of this trial?

The primary objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of 2 dose levels of ecallantide versus placebo in reducing blood loss following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), as measured by chest tube drainage during the first 12 hours postoperatively or until the chest tube was removed, whichever came first, in patients undergoing primary coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), single valve repair, or single valve replacement. The secondary objective was to compare the efficacy of all ecallantide-treated participants (pooled high and low-doses) to placebo and to compare the high-dose to the low-dose ecallantide group. Other secondary objectives were to evaluate pharmacokinetics and antibody formation.

Date & Status


Who can Participate?


18  - 85 



Inclusion Criteria:

- Men and women ≥18 to ≤85 years of age

- Elective primary coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), single valve repair, or
single valve replacement requiring CPB and full sternotomy

- No plan to use desmopressin acetate (DDAVP), atrial natriuretic hormone,
E-aminocaproic acid (EACA), tranexamic acid, or aprotinin during or postoperatively

- Female participants must be non-lactating and not pregnant

- If of childbearing potential, female participants must agree to use adequate
contraception for 1 month after receiving study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

- Concomitant surgery including but not limited to atrial septal defect repair,
multiple valve replacement, carotid endarterectomy, and combined CABG and valve

- Planned hypothermic CPB using temperatures less than 28 degrees Celsius

- Weight <55 kilograms (kg)

- Major end organ dysfunction, defined as:

- Cardiac:

- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 30% by left ventriculography,
echocardiogram, or catheterization (within 90 days prior to screening)

- Use of positive IV inotropic agents within 12 hours prior to surgery

- Preoperative use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), left ventricular
assist device (LVAD), or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

- Renal: Serum creatinine > 1.5 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)

- Hepatic: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine transferase (ALT) > 2.5 x
upper limit normal

- Hematologic:

- Preoperative hematocrit (Hct) < 30%

- Platelet count < 100,000/mm^3

- Planned transfusion during surgical procedure

- History or family history of bleeding or clotting disorder (for example,
von Willebrand's Disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP),
thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura (TTP), hematologic malignancy)

- Prothrombin time (PT) or activated partial thromboplastin time

- (aPTT) > 1.5 x normal range; if receiving unfractionated heparin
preoperatively, then abnormal preoperative PT/aPTT permitted

- Serious intercurrent illness or active infection

- Previous exposure to ecallantide

- Known allergy to ecallantide or any of its components, fentanyl, midazolam,
isoflurane, propofol, morphine, heparin, or protamine

- Autologous blood donation ≤ 30 days month prior to surgery

- Known substance abuse within 6 months prior to surgery

- Receipt of an investigational drug or device within 30 days prior to participation in
the current study

- Administration of:

- Eptifibatide < 12 hours prior to surgery

- Tirofiban hydrochloride (HCl) < 12 hours prior to surgery

- Enoxaparin sodium or other low- molecular-weight heparin < 24 hours prior to

- Clopidogrel <5 days prior to surgery

- Warfarin <5 days prior to surgery (Warfarin must be discontinued 5 days prior to
surgery and PT must be < 18 seconds)

- Ticlopidine <7 days prior to surgery

- Abciximab <24 hours prior to surgery

Gender: Both
Steward Physician(s)
  • Andrew L Sternlicht, MD
  • St. Elizabeth's Medical Center - Terminated
Trial Interventions
  • Ecallantide
  • Placebo
Physician Researcher

Investigator Name:

  • Andrew L Sternlicht, MD

Other Information

Sponsor: Cubist Pharmaceuticals LLC
Phase: Phase 2
Trial ID: NCT00448864
Volunteers:  Not Accepting Healthy Volunteers

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