MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing FAQs

MAKOplasty knee surgery

Frequently asked questions about MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing

What is MAKOplasty®?
MAKOplasty® Robotic Arm Partial Knee Resurfacing is an innovative treatment option for adults living with early- to mid-stage osteoarthritis (OA) in the medial (inner), patellofemoral (top), or lateral (outer) compartments of the knee.

Powered by the RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System, MAKOplasty® allows for consistently reproducible precision in performing partial knee resurfacing. During the procedure, the diseased portion of the knee is resurfaced, sparing the patient’s healthy bone and surrounding tissue. An implant is then secured in the joint to allow the knee to move smoothly again.

As a knee arthroplasty procedure, MAKOplasty® is typically covered by most Medicare-approved and private health insurers.

How may MAKOplasty® benefit me?
The MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing procedure is designed to relieve the pain caused by joint degeneration and potentially offers the following benefits:

  • Improved surgical outcomes resulting in a more natural feeling knee following surgery
  • Less implant wear and loosening
  • Joint resurfacing
  • Bone sparing
  • Smaller incision
  • Less scarring
  • Reduced blood loss
  • Minimal hospitalization and can be performed on an outpatient basis
  • Rapid recovery

How does MAKOplasty® work?
The RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System features three-dimensional pre-surgical planning. During surgery, the RIO® provides the surgeon with real-time visual, tactile and auditory feedback to facilitate optimal joint resurfacing and implant positioning. It is this optimal placement that can result in more natural knee motion following surgery.

Who is a good candidate for the MAKOplasty® procedure?
Typically, MAKOplasty® patients share the following characteristics:

  • Knee pain with activity, usually on the inner knee and/or under the knee cap, or the outer knee
  • Start-up knee pain or stiffness when activities are initiated from a sitting position
  • Failure to respond to non-surgical treatments or nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory medication

If I undergo MAKOplasty®, what can I expect?
MAKOplasty® can be performed either as an inpatient procedure or on an outpatient basis, depending on what your orthopedic surgeon determines is right for you. Typical hospital stays average from one to three days and ambulatory patients return home the same day. In many cases, patients are permitted to walk soon after surgery, drive a car within two weeks and return to normal daily activities shortly thereafter.

What is the lifespan of a MAKOplasty® implant?
All implants have a life expectancy that depends on several factors, including the patient’s weight, activity level, quality of bone stock and compliance with the physician’s orders. Proper implant alignment and precise positioning during surgery are also very important factors that can improve the life expectancy of an implant. Through the use of RIO®, implants can be optimally aligned and positioned to ensure the longest benefit.

In addition, because very little bone is actually removed during a MAKOplasty® procedure, the implants can be replaced with another procedure such as a total knee replacement, if necessary.

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